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Drug Facts & Resources

From Adderall to Xanax, there are many drugs out there that can be harmful to teenagers and their developing brains. New drugs and drug use trends often burst on the scene rapidly, so it’s important to know the facts and have resources available if you need.

According to National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA):

“Most drugs of abuse can alter a person’s thinking and judgment, leading to health risks, including addiction, drugged driving and infectious disease. Most drugs could potentially harm an unborn baby; pregnancy-related issues are listed in the chart below for drugs where there is enough scientific evidence to connect the drug use to specific negative effects.”

Opioids is one category of drugs that are making headlines more and more lately. NIDA describes opioids as “medications that relieve pain.” Opioids include hydrocodone (e.g., Vicodin), oxycodone (e.g., OxyContin, Percocet), morphine (e.g., Kadian, Avinza), codeine, and related drugs. Additionally, use of Molly has also become more popular, due to mentions of the drug in some songs. Here are more facts about drug use overall.


  • One in 7 people in the United States is expected to develop a substance use disorder at some point in their lives. Only 1 in 10 people with a substance use disorder receive any type of substance use treatment. (The Surgeon General’s Report on Alcohol, Drugs, and Health)
  • Addiction is a disease of the brain and as in other diseases it affects the tissue function. However, preventative interventions can have positive long-term effects on drug use and abuse. (Office of National Drug Control Policy)
  • About 15 million people aged 12 or older used prescription drugs non-medically in the past year, and 6.5 million did so in the past month. (2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health)
  • 10% of American 10th graders reported using an illicit drug within the past year. (2016 Monitoring the Future Survey)
  • Overdoses related to heroin and opioids rose faster in New York State than in other areas in 2014. Overdose death rates in New York increased faster over the preceding decade than in nearly every other state for which data was available. (Pelham Patch; Prescription Opioid Abuse and Heroin Addiction in New York State)
  • Despite the ongoing opioid epidemic, past-year use of opioids other than heroin has decreased significantly each year over the past five years among the nation’s teens. (NIDA)



Above the Influence – Drug Facts

National Institute on Drug Abuse – Drugs of Abuse

National Institute on Drug Abuse – PEERx: Teen Prescription Drug Abuse Prevention

Partnership for Drug-Free Kids – Drug Guide

Office of National Drug Control Policy – A Comprehensive Approach to Drug Prevention

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration – Alcohol, Tobacco and Other Drugs

The Surgeon General’s Report on Alcohol, Drugs, and Health


Related Pelham PACT Events and Resources:

National Drug & Alcohol Facts Week: January 23-29, 2017

National Prevention Week: May 15-21, 2016

National Prescription Drug Take-Back Day: September 26, 2015